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Cambridge Public Health

 

1. Global burden of disease attributable to excess salt/sodium intake. I lead on this within the Global Burden of Diseases Nutrition and Chronic Diseases Expert Group.
2. Public health policy in developed countries. I have reviewed adult and child mortality trends in 37 developed countries between 1970 and 2010 and related them (tentatively) to the evolution of political economies. European communism failed disastrously (but quite specifically) to control non-communicable disease in adults. The USA has also been falling behind and now lags 20 plus years behind the leaders. Political homogeneity appears to have been associated with less favorable survival trends.
3. Institutional / evolutionary economics and noncommunicable disease control. These developing approaches may help in understanding the critical early institutional responses to non-communicable disease. They also offer more temporal depth than discourse on ‘evidence based medicine’ – which tends to assume (rather than account for) the existence of relevant mature science.

Publications from Elements

Journal articles

2012

  • Micha, R., Kalantarian, S., Wirojratana, P., Byers, T., Danaei, G., Elmadfa, I., Ding, E., Giovannucci, E., Powles, J., Smith-Warner, S., Ezzati, M., Mozaffarian, D. and Global Burden of Diseases, Nutrition and Chronic Disease Expert Group, , 2012. Estimating the global and regional burden of suboptimal nutrition on chronic disease: methods and inputs to the analysis. Eur J Clin Nutr, v. 66
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/ejcn.2011.147
  • 2011

  • Micha, R., Danaei, G., Powles, J., Ezzati, M. and Mozaffarian, D., 2011. GLOBAL BURDENS OF CHRONIC DISEASE ATTRIBUTABLE TO SUBOPTIMAL DIETARY HABITS: CHALLENGES AND ADVANCES J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, v. 65
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2011.142976b.51
  • Gouda, HN. and Powles, JW., 2011. Why my disease is important: metrics of disease occurrence used in the introductory sections of papers in three leading general medical journals in 1993 and 2003. Popul Health Metr, v. 9
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-9-14
  • Powles, J. and Fahimi, S., 2011. DISEASE BURDENS ATTRIBUTABLE TO HIGHER THAN OPTIMAL SODIUM INTAKES: CHALLENGES IN ESTIMATING EXPOSURES AND EFFECT SIZES J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, v. 65
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2011.142976b.52
  • Shannon, GD., Franco, OH., Powles, J., Leng, Y. and Pashayan, N., 2011. Cervical cancer in Indigenous women: The case of Australia. Maturitas, v. 70
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.maturitas.2011.07.019
  • Scott, KW., Powles, J., Thomas, H. and Rechel, B., 2011. Perceived barriers to the development of modern public health in Bulgaria: a qualitative study. Int J Public Health, v. 56
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1007/s00038-010-0140-9
  • 2010

  • Shroufi, A. and Powles, JW., 2010. Adherence and chemoprevention in major cardiovascular disease: a simulation study of the benefits of additional use of statins. J Epidemiol Community Health, v. 64
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2009.091033
  • Kunutsor, SK. and Powles, JW., 2010. The effect of ambient temperature on blood pressure in a rural West African adult population: a cross-sectional study. Cardiovasc J Afr, v. 21
  • Powles, J., Shroufi, A., Mathers, C., Zatonski, W., La Vecchia, C. and Ezzati, M., 2010. National cardiovascular prevention should be based on absolute disease risks, not levels of risk factors. Eur J Public Health, v. 20
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckp067
  • 2009

  • Kunutsor, S. and Powles, J., 2009. Descriptive epidemiology of blood pressure in a rural adult population in Northern Ghana. Rural Remote Health, v. 9
  • Powles, J., 2009. Commentary: Why diets need to change to avert harm from global warming. Int J Epidemiol, v. 38
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyp247
  • Kelly, C., Pashayan, N., Munisamy, S. and Powles, JW., 2009. Mortality attributable to excess adiposity in England and Wales in 2003 and 2015: explorations with a spreadsheet implementation of the Comparative Risk Assessment methodology. Popul Health Metr, v. 7
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1478-7954-7-11
  • 2007

  • Rehm, J., Sulkowska, U., Mańczuk, M., Boffetta, P., Powles, J., Popova, S. and Zatoński, W., 2007. Alcohol accounts for a high proportion of premature mortality in central and eastern Europe. Int J Epidemiol, v. 36
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ije/dyl294
  • Zatonski, WA., Manczuk, M., Powles, J. and Negri, E., 2007. Convergence of male and female lung cancer mortality at younger ages in the European Union and Russia. Eur J Public Health, v. 17
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/ckl276
  • Harriss, LR., English, DR., Powles, J., Giles, GG., Tonkin, AM., Hodge, AM., Brazionis, L. and O'Dea, K., 2007. Dietary patterns and cardiovascular mortality in the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Am J Clin Nutr, v. 86
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/86.1.221
  • Harriss, LR., English, DR., Hopper, JL., Powles, J., Simpson, JA., O'Dea, K., Giles, GG. and Tonkin, AM., 2007. Alcohol consumption and cardiovascular mortality accounting for possible misclassification of intake: 11-year follow-up of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study. Addiction, v. 102
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1360-0443.2007.01947.x
  • Shroufi, A. and Powles, J., 2007. Compliance and chemoprevention in Coronary Heart Disease (CHD): a simulation study of the Statin drugs EUR J PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 17
  • McMichael, AJ., Powles, JW., Butler, CD. and Uauy, R., 2007. Food, livestock production, energy, climate change, and health. Lancet, v. 370
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(07)61256-2
  • Hilliard, N., Jenkins, R., Pashayan, N. and Powles, J., 2007. Informal knowledge transfer in the period before formal health education programmes: case studies of mass media coverage of HIV and SIDS in England and Wales. BMC Public Health, v. 7
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-7-293
  • Pereira, A., Niggebrugge, A., Powles, J., Kanka, D. and Lyratzopoulos, G., 2007. Potential generation of geographical inequities by the introduction of primary percutaneous coronary intervention for the management of ST segment elevation myocardial infarction. Int J Health Geogr, v. 6
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1476-072X-6-43
  • 2006

  • Baglietto, L., English, DR., Hopper, JL., Powles, J. and Giles, GG., 2006. Average volume of alcohol consumed, type of beverage, drinking pattern and the risk of death from all causes. Alcohol Alcohol, v. 41
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/alcalc/agl087
  • Pashayan, N., Powles, J., Brown, C. and Duffy, SW., 2006. Erratum: Excess cases of prostate cancer and estimated overdiagnosis associated with PSA testing in East Anglia (British Journal of Cancer (2006) 95, (401-405) DOI: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6603246) British Journal of Cancer, v. 95
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6603330
  • Siahpush, M., English, D. and Powles, J., 2006. The contribution of smoking to socioeconomic differentials in mortality: results from the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study, Australia J EPIDEMIOL COMMUN H, v. 60
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/jech.2005042572
  • Pashayan, N., Powles, J., Brown, C. and Duffy, SW., 2006. Incidence trends of prostate cancer in East Anglia, before and during the era of PSA diagnostic testing. Br J Cancer, v. 95
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6603247
  • Pashayan, N., Powles, J., Brown, C. and Duffy, SW., 2006. Excess cases of prostate cancer and estimated overdiagnosis associated with PSA testing in East Anglia (vol 95, pg 401, 2006) BRIT J CANCER, v. 95
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6603330
  • 2005

  • Didkowska, J., Manczuk, M., McNeill, A., Powles, J. and Zatonski, W., 2005. Lung cancer mortality at ages 35-54 in the European Union: ecological study of evolving tobacco epidemics. BMJ, v. 331
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.331.7510.189
  • Dokova, KG., Stoeva, KJ., Kirov, PI., Feschieva, NG., Petrova, SP. and Powles, JW., 2005. Public understanding of the causes of high stroke risk in northeast Bulgaria. Eur J Public Health, v. 15
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/eurpub/cki086
  • Powles, JW., Zatonski, W., Vander Hoorn, S. and Ezzati, M., 2005. The contribution of leading diseases and risk factors to excess losses of healthy life in Eastern Europe: burden of disease study. BMC Public Health, v. 5
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-5-116
  • 2003

  • Britton, A., Nolte, E., White, IR., Grønbaek, M., Powles, J., Cavallo, F. and McPherson, K., 2003. A comparison of the alcohol-attributable mortality in four European countries. Eur J Epidemiol, v. 18
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1023/a:1024834608689
  • O'Farrell, N., Mann, JR., Adam, MB., Powles, J. and Day, N., 2003. Syndromic STI and behaviour-change interventions in Uganda [6] (multiple letters) Lancet, v. 361
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13661-6
  • Powles, J. and Day, N., 2003. Syndromic STI and behaviour-change interventions in Uganda. Lancet, v. 361
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(03)13663-X
  • 2002

  • Georgieva, L., Powles, J., Genchev, G., Salchev, P. and Poptodorov, G., 2002. Bulgarian population in transitional period. Croat Med J, v. 43
  • Powles, J., Kirov, P., Feschieva, N., Stanoev, M. and Atanasova, V., 2002. Stroke in urban and rural populations in north-east Bulgaria: incidence and case fatality findings from a 'hot pursuit' study. BMC Public Health, v. 2
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-2-24
  • Powles, J. and Day, N., 2002. Interpreting the global burden of disease. Lancet, v. 360
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(02)11412-7
  • Runswick, S., Slothouber, B., Boeing, H., Bueno-de-Mesquita, H., Clavel, F., Key, T., Ocke, M., Palli, D., Trichopoulou, A., Tumino, R., Slimani, N., Riboli, E., Powles, J., Subar, A., Bingham, S. and European Prospective Study Into Cancer Working Group on Biomarkers, , 2002. Compliance with the urine marker PABAcheck in cancer epidemiology studies. IARC Sci Publ, v. 156
  • 2001

  • Powles, J. and Kawane, H., 2001. Universities and tobacco money [7] (multiple letters) British Medical Journal, v. 323
  • Genchev, GD., Georgieva, LM., Weijenberg, MP. and Powles, JW., 2001. Does alcohol protect against ischaemic heart disease in Bulgaria? A case-control study of non-fatal myocardial infarction in Sofia. Cent Eur J Public Health, v. 9
  • Powles, J., 2001. Universities and tobacco money. Universities must be seen to be truthful. BMJ, v. 323
  • Powles, J., 2001. Commentary: Mediterranean paradoxes continue to provoke. Int J Epidemiol, v. 30
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ije/30.5.1076
  • 1999

  • Ness, AR. and Powles, JW., 1999. The role of diet, fruit and vegetables and antioxidants in the aetiology of stroke. J Cardiovasc Risk, v. 6
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1177/204748739900600407
  • Georgieva, LM., Powles, JW., Ness, AR., Penev, BP., Dragoichev, TD. and Popova, SR., 1999. Fruit and vegetables and ischaemic heart disease in Eastern Europe: A hospital-based case control study in Sofia, Bulgaria Central European Journal of Public Health, v. 7
  • McMichael, AJ. and Powles, JW., 1999. Human numbers, environment, sustainability, and health. BMJ, v. 319
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.319.7215.977
  • Ness, A., Egger, M. and Powles, J., 1999. Fruit and vegetables and ischaemic heart disease: systematic review or misleading meta-analysis? Eur J Clin Nutr, v. 53
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejcn.1600856
  • 1998

  • Taylor, R., Lewis, M. and Powles, J., 1998. The Australian mortality decline: all-cause mortality 1788-1990. Aust N Z J Public Health, v. 22
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842x.1998.tb01141.x
  • Taylor, R., Lewis, M. and Powles, J., 1998. The Australian mortality decline: cause-specific mortality 1907-1990. Aust N Z J Public Health, v. 22
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-842x.1998.tb01142.x
  • Powles, J., 1998. Public health knights attacking neo-liberal dragons - A commentary on Beaglehole R and Bonita R. Public health at the crossroads: achievements and prospects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1997 EUR J PUBLIC HEALTH, v. 8
  • Zatonski, WA., McMichael, AJ. and Powles, JW., 1998. Ecological study of reasons for sharp decline in mortality from ischaemic heart disease in Poland since 1991. BMJ, v. 316
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.316.7137.1047
  • Powles, JW., Spencer, RF. and Lovering, AM., 1998. Gentamicin release from old cement during revision hip arthroplasty. J Bone Joint Surg Br, v. 80
  • 1997

  • Powles, J., Day, N., McPherson, K., McKee, M., McMichael, T., Chalmers, I., Smith, GD., Gabbay, J., Marks, D., Sharp, I., Wilkinson, R. and Marmot, M., 1997. Britain's first minister of public health - National centre for public health is needed BRIT MED J, v. 315
  • Powles, J., Day, N., McPherson, K., McKee, M., McMichael, T., Chalmers, I., Davey Smith, G., Gabbay, J., Marks, D., Sharp, I., Wilkinson, R., Marmot, M., Crown, J., Clarke, M. and Griffiths, S., 1997. Britain's first minister of public health (multiple letters) [1] British Medical Journal, v. 315
  • Hubaveshki, S., Powles, J. and Lozanov, B., 1997. Prevalence of goitre in the southern mountainous regions of Bulgaria, 1986-1989. Cent Eur J Public Health, v. 5
  • Powles, JW., Day, NE., Haaga, JG., Mitchell, F., Cleophas, TJM. and Van der Meulen, J., 1997. Consumption of alcohol and mortality in Russia (multiple letters) [9] Lancet, v. 350
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(97)26039-3
  • Ness, AR., Powles, JW., Morgan, JF., Key Timothy, A., Appleby Paul, N., Thorogood, M. and Burr Michael, L., 1997. Dietary habits and mortality in vegetarians and health conscious people BMJ, v. 314
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.314.7074.148
  • Ness, AR. and Powles, JW., 1997. Dietary habits and mortality in vegetarians and health conscious people. Several uncertainties still exist. BMJ, v. 314
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.314.7074.148
  • Ness, AR. and Powles, JW., 1997. Fruit and vegetables, and cardiovascular disease: a review. Int J Epidemiol, v. 26
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/ije/26.1.1
  • Powles, JW. and Day, NE., 1997. Consumption of alcohol and mortality in Russia. Lancet, v. 350
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(97)26039-3
  • 1996

  • Ness, AR. and Powles, JW., 1996. Does eating fruit and vegetables protect against heart attack and stroke? CHEM IND-LONDON,
  • Powles, J. and Day, N., 1996. A not-so-sensible drinks policy. Lancet, v. 347
  • Powles, JW., Day, NE., Sanz, MA. and Bingham, SA., 1996. Protective foods in winter and spring: a key to lower vascular mortality? Lancet, v. 348
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(05)64777-0
  • Ness, AR., Powles, JW. and Khaw, KT., 1996. Vitamin C and cardiovascular disease: a systematic review. J Cardiovasc Risk, v. 3
  • Ness, AR. and Powles, JW., 1996. Fruit and vegetables and cardiovascular disease: A systematic review. AM J EPIDEMIOL, v. 143
  • 1995

  • Reid, C., McNeil, JJ., Williams, F. and Powles, J., 1995. Cardiovascular risk reduction: a randomized trial of two health promotion strategies for lowering risk in a community with low socioeconomic status. J Cardiovasc Risk, v. 2
  • 1993

  • Powles, JW., Hopper, JL., Macaskill, GT. and Ktenas, D., 1993. Blood pressure in subjects from rural Greece, comparing individuals migrating to Melbourne, Australia with non-migrant relatives. J Hum Hypertens, v. 7
  • Powles, JW. and Gifford, S., 1993. Health of nations: lessons from Victoria, Australia. BMJ, v. 306
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.306.6870.125
  • 1992

  • Powles, J., 1992. Changes in disease patterns and related social trends. Soc Sci Med, v. 35
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/0277-9536(92)90330-s
  • Hopper, JL., Macaskill, GT., Powles, JW. and Ktenas, D., 1992. Pedigree analysis of blood pressure in subjects from rural Greece and relatives who migrated to Melbourne, Australia. Genet Epidemiol, v. 9
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1002/gepi.1370090402
  • POWLES, J., 1992. HEALTH, LIFE-STYLE AND ENVIRONMENT - COUNTERING THE PANIC - BERGER,P, KRISTOL,I SOC SCI MED, v. 35
  • 1991

  • Powles, JW., Macaskill, G., Hopper, JL. and Ktenas, D., 1991. Differences in drinking patterns associated with migration from a Greek island to Melbourne, Australia: a study of sibships. J Stud Alcohol, v. 52
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.15288/jsa.1991.52.224
  • 1990

  • Powles, J., Hage, B. and Cosgrove, M., 1990. Health-related expenditure patterns in selected migrant groups: data from the Australian Household Expenditure Survey, 1984. Community Health Stud, v. 14
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.1990.tb00014.x
  • 1989

  • HAGE, BH., OLIVER, RG., WAHLQVIST, ML. and POWLES, JW., 1989. TELEPHONE DIRECTORY LISTINGS OF PRESUMPTIVE CHINESE SURNAMES - AN APPROPRIATE SAMPLING FRAME FOR A DISPERSED POPULATION WITH CHARACTERISTIC SURNAMES COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 13
  • SALZBERG, MR. and POWLES, J., 1989. JOB RANK, MARITAL-STATUS AND HEALTH HABITS IN A SAMPLE OF PUBLIC SERVANTS COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 13
  • POWLES, J., BROWN, K. and COSGROVE, MA., 1989. HEALTH-RELATED EXPENDITURES IN AUSTRALIAN FAMILIES IN DIFFERENT INCOME STRATA - DATA FROM THE AUSTRALIAN HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE SURVEY COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 13
  • 1988

  • POWLES, J., 1988. EFFORT, ENERGY AND LONGEVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF TECHNOLOGICAL-CHANGE COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 12
  • 1987

  • Powles, JW., Hage, BH. and Oliver, RG., 1987. The social distribution of intravenous drug use in Melbourne: clues from a survey of pharmacists. Community Health Stud, v. 11
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.1987.tb00004.x
  • Powles, J., 1987. Victoria's food and nutrition policy Health Promotion International, v. 2
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/2.3.239
  • 1986

  • SALZBERG, MR. and POWLES, J., 1986. JOB STATUS, JOB STRESS + HEALTH HABITS - A STUDY OF PUBLIC SERVANTS COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 10
  • Powles, J., 1986. Better nutrition for Australians. Community Health Stud, v. 10
    Doi: http://doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-6405.1986.tb00553.x
  • POWLES, J., HAGE, B. and KTENAS, D., 1986. WHO CAME - WHO STAYED BEHIND - SELECTION AND MIGRATION FROM THE GREEK ISLAND OF LEVKADA COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 10
  • 1985

  • POWLES, J. and WILLIAMS, DRR., 1985. TRENDS IN BOWEL-CANCER IN SELECTED COUNTRIES IN RELATION TO WARTIME CHANGES IN FLOUR MILLING MED PEDIATR ONCOL, v. 13
  • 1984

  • POWLES, J. and KTENAS, D., 1984. THE LEVKADIAN MIGRANT HEALTH STUDY - AN OUTLINE OF STUDY DESIGN, STUDY POPULATIONS AND FIELD METHODS COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 8
  • POWLES, J. and SALZBERG, M., 1984. WORK, CLASS OR LIFESTYLE - INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW COMMUNITY HEALTH ST, v. 8
  • 1978

  • Powles, J., 1978. The effects of health services on adult male mortality in relation to the effects of social and economic factors. Ethics Sci Med, v. 5
  • 1973

  • Powles, J., 1973. On the limitations of modern medicine. Sci Med Man, v. 1
  • 1969

  • POWLES, J., 1969. ANOTHER AUSTRALIAN MEDICAL TEAM - THIS TIME IN AFRICA MED J AUSTRALIA, v. 2